July 2nd is an interesting day in the calendar. In a normal (non leap) year it is the midpoint of the calendar year. There are 182 days before and 182 days after July 2nd.
It was on this mid-point day in the year 1494 that Castille signed the treaty of Tordesillas. The treaty was designed by the pope to avert military conflict between Castille and Portugal over newly discovered lands. Only two years after Columbus discovered the new world it looked like the new lands would spark a global war between the two superpowers of the Christian world. In effect the treaty divided the “New World” in half, giving half to each kingdom.
It is because of this treaty that the Brazilians speak Portuguese while the other South Americans mostly speak Castilian Spanish.
A subsequent treaty, the treaty of Zaragoza in 1529, set down the anti-meridian in the pacific ocean and had the effect of making the Philippines Spanish while East Timor and Japan fell under Portuguese influence.
500 years later these events continue to have ramifications for the people in these countries.
In Japan deep fried food, tempura, is known as the Portuguese method!