In March 1848 the train station in Thurles, County Tipperary opened in Ireland.
In the same year the Young Irelander Rebellion took place in a country riddled by the Great Potato Famine. The rebellion was a failure.
The largest action of the rebellion was the Battle fought in the village of Ballingarry between a group of 47 armed police constables and a gang of rebels let by William Smith O’Brien. The police, seeing themselves outnumbered, took cover in Mrs McCormacks house, taking her children as hostages.
The rebels were unable to oust the police from their stronghold and a siege ensued. As the day wore on word came that reinforcements were on the way from Cashel to support the police, and the crowd dispersed. Because of the field they occupied during the siege the rebels were mocked by calling it the Battle of Widow McCormack’s Cabbage Plot.
The battle took place on this day, July 29th, 1848. William Smith O’Brien remained in hiding for a few days and on August 5th he made his way to Thurles to make his escape by train. He was recognised in the train station and was arrested.
Sentenced to death by hanging for treason a huge petition was raised to commute his sentence. He was deported along with the other Young Ireland leaders to Tasmania. He failed to escape and served his sentence in full, finally returning to live in Brussels for much of his life.
His fellow Young Ireland rebel Thomas Francis Meagher did succeed in his escape to America. There he raised an Irish Brigade to fight for the Union in the Civil War. Apparently, when she read about this in the newspaper Queen Victoria wanted to know why one of Her Majesty’s Prisoners was leading troops in Virginia instead of rotting in a cell in Port Arthur.